Ebola, a viral haemorrhagic fever of humans and other primates, has become endemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The country has had 10 outbreaks in 40 years and has recently declared the 11th.
This is almost certainly due to the co-existence of humans and animals (primates and bats) carrying the Ebola virus. When humans come in contact with these animals – or fruit that’s been partially eaten by them – they face an increased chance of contracting the virus.
On top of this, the country has a measles outbreak of more than 300,000 cases and more than 6,000 deaths since 2019. Now the DRC is facing the COVID-19 pandemic, with 4,637 confirmed cases and 101 deaths at 13 June 2020.
This raises the question of how a country with limited resources can handle all the outbreaks at the same time. The same question applies to many African countries. For example, cholera, measles and COVID-19 outbreaks are happening in Cameroon and Nigeria, among other countries.
Source: The Conversation